Watch out for vision problems

Regardless of our age, vision problems can happen to any of us. Many eye conditions can be caused by factors outside of our control. However, there are certainly several steps you can take to avoid some of the most common eye conditions below. 

•Glaucoma is a disease of the eye that can result in permanent vision loss. Vision loss usually occurs slowly due to damage to the optic nerve in the back of the eye. Increased pressure in the eye and genetics are the most important causes. However, a history of migraines, high blood pressure, and obesity can also play minor roles. Aside from vision loss, other symptoms are rare. This makes vision screenings and eye check-ups important in preventing glaucoma since lifestyle is not a major factor. Once vision loss occurs, there is no treatment.

•Cataracts are the clouding of the lens of the eye leading to blurred vision and blindness. Cataracts are responsible for half of the blindness in the world. Aging is the most common cause but smoking, diabetes, and frequent sun exposure can also be risk factors. Wearing sunglasses while outside and not smoking are the two best ways to prevent cataracts. See an eye doctor if you notice any unusual blurred vision. Surgical replacement of the lens of the eye is the only treatment.

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