Waushara County Health News

Intimate Partner Violence

Intimate partner vio-lence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans. The Centers for Disease Control defines IPV as physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. IPV exists along a continuum from a single episode of violence to ongoing battering.

There are four main types of intimate partner violence:

• Physical violence: when a person hurts or tries to hurt a partner by hitting, kicking, or using another type of physical force.

• Sexual violence: forcing a partner to take part in a sex act when the partner does not consent

• Stalking: a pattern of repeated, unwanted attention and contact by a partner that causes fear or concern for one’s own safety or the safety of someone close to the victim.

• Psychological aggres-sion: the use of verbal and non-verbal communication with the intent to harm another person mentally or emotionally and/or exert control over another person.

Several risk factors can increase the risk that someone will hurt his or her partner. However, having these risk factors does not always mean that IPV will occur. Some of these include being violent or aggressive in the past, seeing or being a victim of violence as a child, using drugs or alcohol, and not having a job or other life events that cause stress.

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