September 2, 2014

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Waushara County Fair Demo Derby

County Ag News
Easy to use concise crop spreadsheet Print E-mail
Tuesday, January 07, 2014 8:16 AM

The decline in grain prices makes it essential for producers to accurately project the potential profitability of the crops they will plant in 2014.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Written by by UW-Extension Ag Agent Ken Williams   
Monday, December 30, 2013 7:25 AM

Taking year end inventories

County Ag News Print E-mail
Tuesday, December 17, 2013 5:03 AM

Pesticide applicator training scheduled

Agricultural producers who are applying restricted use chemicals are required to attend a pesticide training session in order to be certified to use or purchase restricted use chemicals. If your private pesticide license expires in 2013-2014, you must be recertified if you desire to continue to use restricted?use pesticides.

Cold weather cattle care Print E-mail
Written by Ken Williams, UW-Extension Ag Agent   
Tuesday, December 10, 2013 6:54 AM

Caring for dairy and beef cattle in winter requires extra care. Cattle can handle the cold pretty well, so long as they have some type of windbreak available. If a cow has good winter hair, she does fine until temperatures drop below 20 to 30 degrees F. Below that, she compensates for heat loss by increasing energy intake; she must increase heat production to maintain body temperature.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Tuesday, December 03, 2013 5:36 AM

Lower Cost Thanksgiving Dinner

According to the Wisconsin Farm Bureau, the cost of a traditional Thanksgiving dinner this year was slightly lower than last year. The Wisconsin Farm Bureau does an annual Thanksgiving price survey of traditional items like turkey, cube stuffing, cranberries, and pumpkin pie for a gathering of 10. This year’s average price of $48.40 is 48 cents (1 percent) less than last year and $1.77 less (3.5 percent) than two years ago.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Tuesday, November 26, 2013 5:11 AM

Transporting firewood

At this time of the year, it is not unusual to see a pickup truck with some firewood stacked in back as they are headed north with a camper hooked behind.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Written by By: Ken Williams, UW-Extension Ag Agent   
Tuesday, November 19, 2013 7:41 AM

Vegetables important in Central Wisconsin

Production and processing of specialty crops in Wisconsin are important to both state and national agricultural and manufacturing industries.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Tuesday, November 12, 2013 7:33 AM

Farm recordkeeping

Farm recordkeeping varies a lot from farm to farm. The need for keeping farm records is driven in most cases by the need to track income and expenses for tax purposes.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Written by By: Ken Williams, UW-Extension Ag Agent   
Tuesday, November 05, 2013 6:13 AM

Robotic milking

Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) or robotic milking machines are now milking cows on over 14,000 farms around the world.

County Ag News Print E-mail
Written by With UW-Extension Ag Agent Ken Williams   
Tuesday, October 29, 2013 7:05 AM

Feeding Wisconsin’s deer

The topic of whitetail deer in our culture is one which brings out strong opinions that are deeply rooted in our culture and background. From a farming standpoint, it can be extremely challenging trying to operate a profitable operation when faced with feeding a large number of deer.

Whitetail deer are known to eat over 600 species of plants in North America.  What they eat is based on what is available to them on their home range and the nutrients they require. They consume, on average, about 5 to 8 pounds of food per day for every 100 pounds of body weight.

Whitetail deer are destructive to crops, vegetable gardens, fruit trees, and ornamental plants. Clover, alfalfa, corn, winter wheat, oats, soybeans, peas, green beans, potatoes, pumpkins, watermelon, apples, and buckwheat are only a few of the crops consumed by deer.

The digestive system in deer is very similar to that of cattle, which allows them to digest forages and grains. Deer have stomachs with four sections. The first section can hold over two gallons, and this lets the deer bolt down a large amount of food if necessary so that it can quickly leave an area to return to safety.

Whitetail deer are extremely adaptive and have learned to incorporate a wide variety of crops into their diet. Typically, deer damage specific crops during specific times of the year. Damage in the springtime is relegated mainly to forage crops such as alfalfa and clover.

Deer are very opportunistic and will not pass up the chance to feed on any farm or garden crops that are better than the surrounding woody forest vegetation. An excellent example is the deer’s preference of feeding on young winter wheat stands in the springtime. This early-greening crop can be damaged by both consumption of the plant and trampling of the tender young roots.

Deer continue to damage forage crops throughout the summer and into October. Starting around late July, the deer begin to detassel developing field and sweet corn crops. The deer pull the tassel from the developing corn plant and then eat the sweet, succulent shoot exposed at the bottom of the tassel. The deer also bite off the ends of developing cobs, creating a “nubbin” cob, about 2 -3 inches long.

Deer will feed on the developing corn through all stages of maturity to harvest. After the corn matures, deer will feed on the cob ends, breaking the stalks in the process, which leaves the corn cob on the ground and unharvestable. Leaves on growing soybeans are preferred over clover and alfalfa.

Damage to the soybean crop is compounded since every leaf that is lost reduces the photosynthetic capability for that plant and along with it the yield potential for that field. Some soybean fields have the entire top of the plant grazed off so all that is left are stems sticking out of the tops of the plants.

Maximum crop yield can never be achieved because the plant is constantly forced to regrow the vegetative portion of the plant. Some irrigated fields of soybeans only produce 15 bushels per acre due to deer damage. An irrigated field of soybeans should produce closer to 60 or 70 bushels per acre. Complete consumption of any crop deer feed on is rare, but one bite taken is sufficient to induce spoilage.

Damage to agricultural crops does not end with the growing season. Because deer have become so accustomed to human presence, they will take advantage of any available food source during the course of the winter. Favorite targets include silage and haylage bags, exposed round bales, and corn cribs.

Wisconsin farmers support Wisconsin deer hunting by providing grain fed animals for hunters throughout the state.


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